Omar Ibn al-Khattab, al-Farouk, the second orthodox Caliph, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, is truly the strongman who helped Islam extend to an extensive area in the world. During his Caliphate, Islamic fighters conquered the two great powers of Persia and Rome, and the banners of Islam were hoisted high in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean… He was the fair caliph whose rule prevailed in justice and decisiveness and whose care for people was infinite.
lt is known that he rejected gifts even for his wife. And he punished the treasurer for he had presented his wife (A’teka) a simple gift!!!
The Messenger of Allah, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, told hirn:
«Even Satan fears you Omarll!».
The Prophet besought Allah, Be He exalted.
children and elderly.
«Simplicity and doing duty were two basic principles cherished by Omar, MI’ Moe r said in his book «The Caliphate».
Omar, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, was a wise man who gave priority to reason and faith. He also considered toiling and l abour as Mos t important for man to avoid leisure which is the source of corruption, according to hirn.
Omar was humble and ascetic in dress and food. He also was simple and true in his behaviour.
«Where is Omar?».
They told him: «Here he is».
Al-Hurmozan said: Where are his gaurds and escorts?».
They said: «There is neither guard nor escort!
He said: «He must be a Prophet!
They said: «He is acting like prophets».
When Omar sat up he said: «Thanks be to Allah who humiliated this and his folks by Islam».
«0, Moslems! Cling fast to this religion and be guided by your Prophet’s Sunna (Tradition of sayings and acts).
Late in his life, he said:
«0, Allah! I have grown old. My strength faltered and my people grew larger. 0, Allah! May thee taketh my soul as I still have sound mind and sound body».
«0, people! I have opened for you the bright route to lead a true life and left you in a clear situation…
So, Othman Ibn Affan was the third orthodox Caliph after hirn. Moslems, including Ali Ibn Abi Taleb, gave hirn the pledge of allegiance. Omar, recommended his successor to have strong faith in Allah and to take care of the pioneering immigrants to keep their right and to maintain their dignity.
Omar Ibn al-Khattab, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, was a true man of right. He also was a true man of might. The word «al Farouk» is only one symbol of his great character as a man and as caliph.